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Heartworks CPR's Guidelines for Identifying Burns

Vicki Dank, co-founder of Heartworks CPR advises that if you do suffer a burn, it's important to identify the degree of burn and treat it accordingly.

First degree burns, such as a mild sun burn, are the most minor of the three burn categories and are limited to the outer layer of the skin.  First degree burns are often painful with the skin becomes dry, red and sore.  To treat first degree burns, flush the inflicted area with cool running water for at least five minutes and apply a moist, loose dressing or bandage to protect from blistering.  Do not put ice directly on the burn as this may cause frostbite, further damaging the skin.

Second degree burns are characterized by a partial thickness or blistering of the skin.  And unlike first degree burns, the affected area will appear moist.  If the burn is no more than two to three inches in diameter, treat it as you would a first degree burn by flushing with cool water and applying a loose bandage.  Avoid breaking any blisters as this may cause an infection.  If the burn area is larger than three inches, seek medical advice.

Third degree burns, the most serious burns incurred, may be painless and involve all layers of the skin.  Fat, muscle and bone may also be affected by the burn.  If you suspect a third degree burn, call 911 immediately.  Do not immerse the wound in cold water as this may cause the injured person to go into shock.  But do cover the burn with a loose, moist dressing and make sure that the victim is not in contact with any smoldering clothing or heat sources.

"The best method for avoiding burns and other injuries, however, is prevention," said Zaban.  "Keep your home and office safe by identifying burn sourcex and protecting your family and pets from accidental contact."

Founded by Vicki Dank and Cindy Zaban, Heartworks CPR provides American Heart Association and Medic First Aid International training at their Glenview office or at your home, school or place of business.  Heartworks CPR also provides CPR Certification for those professions requiring the accreditation, including health care providers, trainers, flight attendants, education professionals and child care workers.

Heartworks CPR conducts classes on basic life support, first aid, CPR, CPR Certification, Defibrillator use, strokes, allergic reactions, insect bites, pet first aid and pet CPR.  

To learn more about Heartworks CPR or to schedule a CPR or first-aid training session for your family or office, call them at 847-724-6575 or visit their web site at

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